Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four major ligaments of the knee that connects the femur (thigh bone) to the tibia (shin bone) and helps stabilize the knee joint. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the common injuries of the knee. An injury to the ACL commonly occurs during sports or activities that involve twisting, overextension, landing from a jump incorrectly and abrupt change in direction or speed of movements.
ACL Injuries in Women
ACL injuries are more common in women than men due to anatomical differences which include:
- Women have a smaller ACL, a wider pelvis and an increased incidence of inward knee pointing.
- Women have less strength in the muscles as compared to men. In addition, women use their quadriceps muscles more than men for stability and take more time to develop muscular force resulting in greater stress on the ACL.
- Women have looser knees and a greater range of motion as compared to men.
These factors make women more vulnerable to ACL injury by weakening the ligament.
A training and rehabilitation program can help reduce the risk of ACL injury. The program focuses on:
- Controlling inward knee movement.
- Emphasizing the use of the hamstring muscles for knee stability.
- Controlling the movement of the hip and trunk and training the hip muscles to stabilize the knee.
- Controlling knee extension.
- Increasing muscle endurance.
- Chondromalacia Patella
- Jumper's Knee
- Kneecap Bursitis
- Baker's Cyst
- Iliotibial Band Syndrome
- Lateral Patellar Compression Syndrome
- Fractures of the Tibia
- Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee
- Shin Splints
- Knee Injury
- Unstable Knee
- Knee Sprain
- Knee Infection
- ACL Tears
- MCL Tears
- MCL Sprains
- Meniscal Injuries
- Meniscal Tears
- Ligament Injuries
- Knee Arthritis
- Patellar Dislocation/Patellofemoral Dislocation
- PCL Injuries
- Patella Fracture
- Quadriceps Tendon Rupture
- Patellar Tendon Rupture
- Osteonecrosis of the Knee
- Periprosthetic Knee Fractures
- Articular Cartilage Injury
- Loose Bodies in the Knee
- Knee Fracture
- Knee Osteoarthritis
- Knee Sports Injuries
- Patellar Tendinitis
- Women and ACL Injuries
- Periprosthetic Knee Infection
- Knee Pain
- Anterior Knee Pain
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease
- Nonoperative Treatments for ACL Injuries
- Non-Surgical Knee Treatments
- Physical Examination of the Knee
- Pre-op and Post-op Knee Guidelines
- Am I a Candidate for Knee Surgery?
- After Knee Replacement
- Knee Implants